TO THE SIXTIES:
end of the Second Wave was also a time for bold experimentation
with new kinds of music. Rock and Roll with its explicit sexual
themes became important to the new youth culture. Rock music
had its roots in traditional black music such as the Blues,
Jazz, and Gospel. This music had unusual beats that were easy
to dance to. It had a liberating effect on American culture
and created a " generation gap " between teenagers
and their parents. When white singers like Elvis Presley and
the Beatles began taking the black rhythms and making them popular
with whites a new cultural revolution was started as well as
a new and profitable industry.
new phenomena associated with Rock music began making itself
felt when drugs became popular with young Americans. LSD and
marijuana allowed young Americans to expand their consciousness.
This was something completely new to American culture and many
Americans were not happy about it. Drugs were a way to drop
out of the Second Wave machine and together with Rock became
a new kind of religion for young Americans unhappy with the
materialist values of America.
many young Americans, drugs became a way towards discovering
new kinds of spiritual truths. The older, traditional Christian
and Jewish religions in American had become less popular with
many young, and also many older Americans. Eastern religions
which featured yoga and meditation became more popular with
some young Americans. But not with everyone in American culture.
powerful idea of expanding one's mind, which drugs had shown
some young Americans, had interesting echoes in the explorations
many young Americans had with the new eastern religions. University
courses in religion became very popular. Young Americans were
becoming aware that there was a difference between spiritual
seeking and traditional forms of religion which were often seen
as simply repressive social vehicles.
emphasis on new kinds of religion and drugs was not always a
good thing. Many young Americans lost focus and became withdrawn
from society. Crime began to increase as law and order began
to break down. The drug business was also becoming a huge industry
and it was also illegal.
protest in any kind of form was seen as unpatriotic by many
conservative Americans who were becoming very alarmed by the
increasingly rapid pace of change. Many repressed and also privileged
groups in American society began experimenting with new kinds
of political and cultural freedoms. The dawning of the Third
Wave in American society was basically a new expansion of mental
horizons in many different directions.The sixties saw the birth
of a new counter-culture and the Ritchie family felt the new
" Oh, cool. Cousin David is here from college. "
David: " Hey, Mara what's the story? "
Mara: " Oh, I'm just going out tonight with my boyfriend.
Have you been getting stoned?"
David: " Yup, I almost got busted by the cops yesterday.
They were so uncool. I was jamming with my friends in the basement
of the dorm and they just barged in.
" What happened? "
David: " Oh, we flushed the stash down the toilet before
they came. "
Mara: " Wow, don't they have something better to do than
looks for busts in a dorm? "
David: " No sweat, Mara. We made it out clean. We then
went to the protest and just hung out until real late. Hey,
aunt Deborah. "
Deborah: " Oh, David have you been getting into trouble
David: " Me trouble, no. I'm just doing my thing and you
should too. "
Deborah: " Sometimes, I think you're a bad influence on
David: " Why? Because I tell here it's all right to be
free? To just be you and do your own thing? Why can't you just
Mara: " Mom, he's just being real. That's just the way
it is. "
Deborah: "Now, Mara, I don't want you going out barefoot.
If you're going to go out with Keith. At least put on your shoes.
I know you think it's real hip to go out barefoot. But you could
step on some glass. Then you'll just come running back to me.
Mara: " Relax, Mom. Everything's just super-cool. "